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  28 Pillars

Pillar 1

1) Bapu's Triumphant life (1869 - 1919)

2 Oct 1869 :

Born in Sudamapuri(Porbandar) as Shri Karamchand Gandhi’s son.

1883 :
At the age of thirteen married Kasturba Gandhi, six months older than him.

1885 :
Father’s death at the age of 63.

1886 :
Passed the Matriculation examination from the Kathiawar High School and joined the Shamaldas College of Bhavnagar.

4 Sep 1888 :
Went to England for the study of law, amidst opposition from the Fellow members of his caste.

12 June1891 :
Passed the Bar-at-law examination. Coming back to India.

April 1893 :
Starting for South Africa for some litigation work of a Muslim merchant family of Porbandar.

1893-95 :
The dislike towards the Indians living in South Africa. Observation,self humiliation and insult.Interest in the problems of the Indians.No sense of revenge - peacefulness.The beginning of practice in Natal.

22 June 1894 :
The establishment of the Indian Congress in Natal. June,1896 -Return to India.

28 Nov 1896 :
A telegraphic message calling to Natal. Going there for the second time with wife and two children.

1896-98 :
Assault by the Europeans in Natal. Brickbats and stone- throwing.No ill-will or sense of revenge.

1899 :
The setting up of a committee for the service to those injured in the Boer war.

Nov 1901 :
Journey homeward.

1902 :
Going round the country-journey by the third class compartment in railway.

1Jan 1903 :
Again a call from South Africa. Going to Pretoria.

April 1904 :
The beginning of regular practice in the Transwaal High Court. The setting up of the British Indian Association there.

1904 :
Accepted the editorial work of the ‘Indian Opinion’ published in English, Tamil, Gujarati and Hindi.

1906 :
At the age of 37, making a resolve to observe celibacy for the whole life.Kasturba’s full support to the resolve of her Pujya (Rev.) husband.

1907 :
The beginning of the Satyagrah (clinging upon truth) movement against the Indian tourist law.

10 Jan 1908 :
Two months’ imprisonment for the first time as a brave Satyagrahi.

15 Oct 1908 :
Again two months’ imprisonment for the ‘crime’ of Satyagrah.

1910 :
The setting up of the Tolstoy Ashram ( a sort of spiritual colony) for the satyagrahis.The arrangement of religious activities, service to man, education, etc. there.

March 1913 :
The ladies too, taking part in the Satyagrah for the first time following his thinking.Kasturba arrested with other ladies.

5 Nov 1913 :
March for Satyagrah.

Nov - Dec 1913 :
Arrested many times in connection with the Satyagrah march and atlast unconditional release.

1914 :
Fourteen days’ fast as atonement for the moral lapses committed by Satyagrahis.In December, coming back to India due to pleurisy.

1915 :
The award of Kaisar-E-Hind medal by Lord Harding as a New Year gift.

18 Feb 1915 :
For the first time,met the world-renowned poet. Rabindranath Tagore, addressed Gandhiji as ‘Mahatma’ in a letter.

4 Feb 1916 :
Mahatmaji performed the opening ceremony of the Kashi Vidyalay. In this year, he joined the Lucknow Congress and met Pandit Nehru for the first time.

17 June 1917 :
The setting up of the Sabarmati Ashram.

11 April 1919 :
While coming to Delhi to oppose the Rowlatt Act, arrested in Palval.

18 April 1919 :
Stopping the Satyagrah.

8 Oct 1919 :
The beginning of ‘Young India’ and ‘Navjivan’ in the form of monthlies under his guidance.

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