|1) Bapu's Triumphant life
(1869 - 1919)
2 Oct 1869 :
Born in Sudamapuri(Porbandar) as Shri Karamchand Gandhi’s son.
At the age of thirteen married Kasturba Gandhi, six months older than
Father’s death at the age of 63.
Passed the Matriculation examination from the Kathiawar High School and
joined the Shamaldas College of Bhavnagar.
4 Sep 1888 :
Went to England for the study of law, amidst opposition from the Fellow
members of his caste.
12 June1891 :
Passed the Bar-at-law examination. Coming back to India.
April 1893 :
Starting for South Africa for some litigation work of a Muslim merchant
family of Porbandar.
The dislike towards the Indians living in South Africa. Observation,self
humiliation and insult.Interest in the problems of the Indians.No sense
of revenge - peacefulness.The beginning of practice in Natal.
22 June 1894 :
The establishment of the Indian Congress in Natal. June,1896 -Return to
28 Nov 1896 :
A telegraphic message calling to Natal. Going there for the second time
with wife and two children.
Assault by the Europeans in Natal. Brickbats and stone- throwing.No ill-will
or sense of revenge.
The setting up of a committee for the service to those injured in the
Nov 1901 :
Going round the country-journey by the third class compartment in railway.
1Jan 1903 :
Again a call from South Africa. Going to Pretoria.
April 1904 :
The beginning of regular practice in the Transwaal High Court. The setting
up of the British Indian Association there.
Accepted the editorial work of the ‘Indian Opinion’ published
in English, Tamil, Gujarati and Hindi.
At the age of 37, making a resolve to observe celibacy for the whole life.Kasturba’s
full support to the resolve of her Pujya (Rev.) husband.
The beginning of the Satyagrah (clinging upon truth) movement against
the Indian tourist law.
10 Jan 1908 :
Two months’ imprisonment for the first time as a brave Satyagrahi.
15 Oct 1908 :
Again two months’ imprisonment for the ‘crime’ of Satyagrah.
The setting up of the Tolstoy Ashram ( a sort of spiritual colony) for
the satyagrahis.The arrangement of religious activities, service to man,
education, etc. there.
March 1913 :
The ladies too, taking part in the Satyagrah for the first time following
his thinking.Kasturba arrested with other ladies.
5 Nov 1913 :
March for Satyagrah.
Nov - Dec 1913 :
Arrested many times in connection with the Satyagrah march and atlast
Fourteen days’ fast as atonement for the moral lapses committed by
Satyagrahis.In December, coming back to India due to pleurisy.
The award of Kaisar-E-Hind medal by Lord Harding as a New Year gift.
18 Feb 1915 :
For the first time,met the world-renowned poet. Rabindranath Tagore, addressed
Gandhiji as ‘Mahatma’ in a letter.
4 Feb 1916 :
Mahatmaji performed the opening ceremony of the Kashi Vidyalay. In this
year, he joined the Lucknow Congress and met Pandit Nehru for the first
17 June 1917 :
The setting up of the Sabarmati Ashram.
11 April 1919 :
While coming to Delhi to oppose the Rowlatt Act, arrested in Palval.
18 April 1919 :
Stopping the Satyagrah.
8 Oct 1919 :
The beginning of ‘Young India’ and ‘Navjivan’ in the
form of monthlies under his guidance.